Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Umrah and Hajj

The Umrah or (Arabic: عمرة ) is a pilgrimage to Mecca performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year. In Arabic Umrah means “to visit a populated place”. As a technical term used in the Shari’ah, Umrah means to perform Tawaf of Ka’bah and Sa’ey between Safa and Marwa, after assuming Ihram, either from a Miqat or a place in Hill.

The Hajj (Arabic: حج‎, transliteration: Ḥaǧǧ), that is pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah), is the largest annual pilgrimage in the world.[1] It is the fifth pillar of Islam, an obligation that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so. It is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to God.[2]

The pilgrimage occurs from the 6th to the 12th day of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar. Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, the event cannot be pegged to the Gregorian calendar, whose (solar) year is eleven days longer. In 2007, Hajj took place from December 17 to December 21.

The Hajj is associated with the life of Muhammad, but the ritual of pilgrimage to Mecca predates Islam, and was considered ancient even during his lifetime in the 7th century. Many Muslims believe that it goes back to the time of Abraham in 2000 ad. Pilgrims would join processions of ten people, who would simultaneously converge on Mecca for the week of the Hajj, and perform a series of rituals. Each person would walk counter-clockwise seven times about the Kaaba, the cubical building towards which all Muslims pray, kiss the sacred Black Stone on its corner, run back and forth between the hills of Al-Safa and Al-Marwah, drink from the Zamzam Well, go to the plains of Mount Arafat to stand in vigil, then proceed to Muzdalifah to gather stones , which they would throw at three pillars in Mina to perform the ritual of the Stoning of the Devil. The pilgrims would then shave their heads, perform an animal sacrifice, and celebrate the four day global festival of Eid ul-Adha.[3][4][5]

As of 2007, an estimated two million pilgrims participate in this annual pilgrimage.[6] Crowd-control techniques have become critical, and because of the large numbers of people, many of the rituals have become more stylized. It is not necessary to kiss the Black Stone, but merely to point at it on each circuit around the Kaaba. Throwing pebbles was done at large pillars, which for safety reasons were in 2004 changed to long walls with catchbasins below to catch the stones. The slaughter of an animal can be done either personally, or by appointing someone else to do it, and so forth.[7] But even with the crowd control techniques, there are still many incidents during the Hajj, as pilgrims are trampled in the crush, or ramps collapse under the weight of the many visitors, causing hundreds of deaths. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Hajj has a website, with the message, "Be peaceful, orderly and kind. No crushing."[8]
Hajj can be performed in three different ways:
Tamattu' - Qiran - Ifraad.

1-Tamattu` means performing `Umrah during the Hajj season, and on the Day of Tarwiyah the pilgrim gets into the state of Ihram for Hajj. Anyone intending to perform a Tamattu' Hajj should make intention for `Umrah when approaching the Miqat. The intention here should be for `Umrah. The pilgrim should say,

"Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi'Umrah!" or "Labbayka 'Umratan!"
"O Allah! I answer Your call to perform `Umrah."

The pilgrim can add some other du'aa such as: " O Allah! I intend to perform `Umrah, so make it easy for me, and accept it from me." It is also allowed for the pilgrim though intending initially to complete Hajj or 'Umrah to put a condition whereby if for some unexpected sickness or circumstances the journey could not be completed, he, or she, can end the state of Ihraam without having to sacrifice an animal or fast. Therefore, the pilgrim can address Allah saying,

"Inna mahilli minal-Ardi haythu habastani"
" I will end up my state of Ihraam wherever I cannot proceed."

After this, the pilgrim proceeds with Talbiyah as shown previously. Once the pilgrim reaches Makkah, he heads for al-Masjid al-Haraam and circumambulates the Ka`bah seven times in a state of wudu beginning by kissing the black stone or if it's impossible by raising the hands as far as the ears saying, "Bismillah Allahu Akbar!" After Tawaaf, the pilgrim prays two Rak'aas at Maqaamu Ibraahim - without disturbing those who circumambulate- drinks Zamzam water then goes to walk between as-Safaa and al-Marwah seven times, then gets the hair cut or shaved. With this the state of Ihraam and 'Umrah are ended. On the day of Tarwiyah, that is the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah, the pilgrim enters another time in the state of Ihraam saying,

" Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi-Hajj!" or "Labbayka Hajjan"
"O Allah! I answer Your call to perform Hajj."

The pilgrim can add, " O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj, so make it easy for me, and accept it from me. I intend to perform Hajj and I am entering in the state of Ihram only for Your sake, O Allah !" Then the Talbiyah is repeated throughout the rituals of Hajj in Mina, Arafah, and Muzdalifah. On the 10th of dhul-Hijjah, a sacrifice should be offered to Allah as mentioned in Qur'an after stoning at al-Jamaraat. After the sacrifice is done, the pilgrim can shave or cut the hair. Once the Tawaaf of Ifaadah is done, the pilgrim should do Sa'y between as-Safa and al-Marwah for Hajj. However, if a person starts with the Tawaaf of al-Ifaadah, then Sa'y, then shaves and then stones at al-Jamaraat it is also accepted.
Tamattu' Hajj is the most recommended for people and it was more encouraged to it by the Prophet (S). This is indeed the best way to perform Hajj. Once Hajj is completed, a Hady should be offered on the 10th. Allah (swt) says,

"If any one wishes to continue the Umra on to the Hajj, he must make an offering such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should fast three days during the Hajj and seven days on his return, making ten days in all. This is for those whose household is not in (the precincts of) the Sacred Mosque, and fear Allah, and know that Allah, is strict in punishment."(2:196)

2-Qiran means to combine Hajj and 'Umrah. This means that the pilgrim should declare the intention to perform both Hajj and `Umrah together,

"Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi-Hajjin wa-'Umrah!" or
"Labbayka Hajjan wa 'Umratan!"
"O Allah! I answer Your call to perform Hajj and 'Umrah!"

In this kind of Hajj, it is not allowed for the pilgrim to end the state of Ihraam after Sa'ay. The pilgrim will not have to perform after the Ifadah Tawaaf on the 10th of dhil Hijjah the Sa'y because it is already performed for both Hajj and `Umrah.
The pilgrim is supposed to bring his sacrificial animal with him as the Prophet (S) did. This must be done because the rituals of Hajj and `Umrah were joined together.

3-Ifraad means that the pilgrim declares his intention for Hajj only.

" Labbayk-Allahumma labbayka bi-Hajj!" or " Labbayka Hajjan"
"O Allah! I answer Your call to perform Hajj."
The pilgrim maintains his Ihraam up to the Day of Sacrifice. No animal sacrifice offering is required from him.

Pilgrims can also go to Mecca to perform the rituals at other times of the year. This is sometimes called the "lesser pilgrimage", or Umrah. However, even if they perform the Umrah, they are still obligated to perform the Hajj at some other point in their lifetime.

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

The virtue of Hajj & Qurban

From Abu Hurairah RA. that Muhammad SAW. He said, 'Umrah to the next Umrah is a sin between them; and mabrur hajj has no reward except to heaven. "(Muttafaqun'alaih).

From Ibn Mas'ud RA that Muhammad SAW said, "Take the job by performing Umrah Hajj: for they can remove the sin and unbelief, as the smith ubupan can remove dirt, iron, gold and silver; and no reward for Hajj but heaven alone mabrur . "(Saheeh: Saheeh al-Sagheer Jami'us).

From Abu Hurairah RA he said, "Whoever pilgrimage for Allah SAW and said he was not dirty and do not necessarily immoral acts he returned (to his country) as the day when he was born his mother." (Muttafaqun'alaih) ".

From Ibn Umar RA of the Prophet Muhammad, he said, "Those who fight in the way of Allah and those who perform the pilgrimage and Umrah are guests Alloh. They are called by Him, and they fulfill his call, and they pleaded with him, and they fulfill his call, and they pleaded with Him, and He filled their requests. "(Hasan: Saheeh Ibn Majah).

From Aisha RA Muhammad SAW said: "Charity is the most favored of God on the day of slaughter is animal blood qurban, diqurbankan real animals will come (to do good for the qurban) on the Day of Resurrection future with horns, feathers and bones , sesunguhnya (reward) from the blood of animals qurban has come from God before it fell to earth, then do it this good ". (H. R. Tirmidhi).

Hadith Muhammad Ibn Abbas said: "There is no charity money more noble than that spent on the holiday qurban Adha" (HR Dar Qutni).

Pilgrimage law BY ISLAM

Pilgrimage law BY ISLAM
Mandatory hajj umrah as well, once in a lifetime of every Muslim, baligh, sensible, independent longer. Allah says which means, "Verily the house originally built for the (place of worship) man, is the House that at Bakkah (Mecca) blessed and a guidance for all mankind. Him there are signs of real, (including) the Station Ibrahim; whoever entered it (the House) attains security; on the pilgrimage is a duty men owe to Allah, that is (for) those who sanggung the journey. Whoever denies (liabilities haji), Allah is Rich (does not need anything) from Worlds. "(Surat Ali'Imran; 96-97).

From Abu Hurairah ra, he told me, the Messenger of Allah. been delivering the sermon in front of us, then he said, "O mankind! god really memfardhukan for your pilgrimage, then let you fulfilled." Then there was a friend asked, "O Messenger of Allah, whether it is every year?" He was silent, until she asked him three times. Then he saw. replied, "If I answered, 'Yes,' of course required every year and you certainly will not be able to." Then he continued, "Let me, nothing is left to you; because actually has destroyed the people before you just because they ask many questions and often fail (guidance) of their Prophet. Therefore, when I ordered a case to you, then all you can do it, and if I prevent you from doing something, then leave him! " (Saheeh: 629 Muslim Mukhthasar, Muslims II: 975 no: 1337, and Nisaa'i V: 110).

Ibn Umar r.a. The Messenger of Allah. He said, "Islam is established on five cases: (first) testified that it is no Ilah (worthy diibadahi) except Allah and that Muhammad is His messenger, (both) establish prayer, (third) out zakat, (fourth) perform the pilgrimage, and (fifth) the fast of Ramadan. " (Muttafaqun'alaih: Bari Fath I: 45 no: 1638 was lafadz him, Jasmine Bari I: 49 no: 8, Tirmidhi, IV: 119 no: 2736, and Nisaa'i VIII: 107).

From Ibn Abbas r.a. Messenger of Allah. He said, "This is another 'umrah bertamattu' with her then anyone who has brought al-hadya let him bertahallul because it has actually entered Umrah in the pilgrimage until the Day of Resurrection." (Saheeh: Irwa-ul Ghalil no: 982 and Muslim no: 2911-12411).

From Ash-Shubayya bin Ma'bad, he said: I never dating to `Umar then asked," O Commander of the Faithful, I have converted to Islam, and I get, that the pilgrimage and Umrah obligatory upon me, so I've started ihram for both. " So the word of him, "You have been given instructions to follow the Sunnah Nabimu." (Saheeh: Irwa-ul Ghalil no: 983, Nisaa'i V: 146, 'Aunul Ma'bud V: 230 no: 1722, Ibn Majah II: 989 no: 2970).

Saturday, October 3, 2009


Imam Muslim narrated with sanadnya-sanadnya from Ja'far ibn Muhammad from his father, he said, we've met with Jabir bin Abdullah. Then she asked particulars of people until the end to me. So I replied, "I was Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Husayn." Then she held my head in his hands, then release the top button of my shirt, then the bottom, then put her hand on my chest. At that time, I was young young. Then he said, "Welcome, O my brothers son. Ask anything you want! "Then I asked him and he at that time was blind. Then it was time to pray, then he stood with the cloth-covered dibahunya, then decrease both ends because it was too narrow, while the shawl hanging at the hanger, and then he prayed with us. After prayer, I asked, '(O Jabir, please) explain to me about the Prophet Hajj Manasik. Then he motioned with his hand to form a nine and then explains: "That the Messenger of Allah. Live in (Medina) for nine years is not the haj. Then in the tenth year announced to the people (the friends) that the Messenger of Allah. About the pilgrimage. Berdatanganlah So the friends in large numbers to Medina wanted to follow the Prophet. and practice pilgrimage he practiced. So we went out with the Messenger of Allah. until he reached Dhul Hulaifah, and Asma 'bin' Umais bear Muhammad bin Abu Bakr, and then I sent one to asked the Messenger of Allah. what should be done. So the word of his (her), "Go take a shower and put on bandages and cotton loincloth, then berihramlah!" Then the Prophet prayed in the mosque. After that ride camels Qaswa 'to arrive in the area when my Bada (Jabir) see as far as the eye can see, many pilgrims jama'ah camel riding and walking, his right as such to the left like that, too, and behind him like that, too, while the Messenger of Allah. are in our midst. And him al-Qur'an and the Prophet descended. knows its interpretation (tafsir) what the Messenger of Allah. Practice, we must imitate. Then Prophet bertalbiyah:

"I came to meet thy call, O God calls me to come meet you, I came to meet your call no partner to Thee I come to meet your call. Surely all praise, and all power ni'mat are yours no partner for You. "

Then the pilgrims say jama'ah talbiyah companions pronounced it; Messenger of Allah. let them continue to say talbiyah and he did, too. "

Then Jabir r.a. continued his statement, 'we're just going to the pilgrimage, we do not understand the umrah (at the time), so when we arrived at the House, the Messenger of Allah. touching (holding) hajar aswad, then the Prophet thawaf with predicted (predicted a quick way to short step [trot] (pent.) three laps and walk thawaf with four rounds, then he came to the Station of Ibrahim peace be upon him, and then read verse, "And make some of the Station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer." (Al-Baqarah: 125).

Then the Messenger of Allah. placed alongside the Station of Abraham House. Ja'far ibn Muhammad said, was my father, Muhammad said. "I never knew him (Jabir) explain this, except from the Prophet .." (Then Jabir continued his statement), then the Messenger of Allah. prayed two raka'at with reading, Sunday and HUWALLAHU Qul Qul KAAFIRUUN AYYUHAL YAA, then back again to the Black Stone, and menjama'nya, then out into the hills Safa. When the Messenger of Allah. nearly approached Safa, he membada verse, INNASH SHAFAA MIN Marwata SYA'AA WAL-IRILLAAH (actually Safa and Marwa are among the syi'ar God). (Al-Baqarah: 185). I started with what has been begun by God.

Then the Messenger of Allah. up the evidence Safa until he saw the House, and facing the Qiblah, then the sentence Tawheed Tawheed and bertakbir:

"There is no Ilah (worthy diibadahi) except Allah, no partner for Him, to Him all the kingdoms and to Him all the powder of precious stones and He has power over all things, there is no Ilah (worthy diibadahi) except Allah alone, He has implement his promise, He has helped His servant and He destroyed the enemy with conspiracy alone. "

Then the Prophet prayed in between reading it; he did so three times. Then the Prophet descended (into) the Al-Marwah, until the two legs when stepping on the middle of the valley, he walked (with a predicted) that if we climb, he was walking until he reached the Marwa. Later on the Prophet Marwah do as he did at the Safa, so when arriving late on thawafnya Marwah, he said, "If I teach what I have left now, I shall not bring animals hadyu and I will make it umrah, therefore, whoever of you (happen) do not bring animals hadyu, bertahalullah and replace it with Umrah Hajj! "Then Surawah bin Malik bin Ju'syam said," O Messenger of Allah, whether for us this year alone or for long forever? "Then the Messenger of Allah. mencengkeramkan the fingers of his right hand on his left hand to unite as saying, "` Umrah in the pilgrimage, "[mean his fingers like he is, Pent.] two times," not for this year alone, even for ever. "

Jabir continued, "Ali arrived from Yemen the country with the camels of the Messenger of Allah., He found Fatima ra including people who have bertahallul, wearing colorful clothes, kohl, and he was reprimanded for his actions. So Fatima replied, "Actually my father has told me to do this." While in Iraq Ali said, "Then I met the Messenger of Allah berrangkat not agree to act as he asked Fatima clear to him about what he uttered to me. Then tell him, that I had reprimanded him [deny]

because of his actions. The Messenger of Allah said, 'He's right, he's right. What have you ketikka Hang set ikrarkan pilgrimage? 'I said, I say, "O Allah, I begin Ihram as the Prophet Muhammad began Ihram."

So the word of Allah, "That's because I brought hadyu animal, then you should not bertahallul by cutting hair." The total number of animals brought hadyu Ali from Yemen country and being devoted to the Prophet. is a hundred tails. Then all the pilgrims jama'ah bertahallul and they cut his hair short, except the Prophet. and the people who brought animals hadyu. When the day arrived Tarwiyah, the pilgrims leave for jama'ah Mina, then they start Ihram for Hajj. Prophet camel ride, and then pray with them, shubur, 'Asr, Maghrib,' evening, and Shubuh. Then the Messenger of Allah. paused until the rising sun, and he ordered his tent installed in the Namira. Then the Messenger of Allah. walk (to Arafat), and the Quraysh did not doubt, then the Messenger of Allah. standing Masy'aril Haram, as is usually done by the Quraysh at the time of ignorance, until the Messenger of Allah. arrived at 'Arafat, and he found his tent had been placed in Namira, then he stopped there until when the sun slips. Prophet ordered (his friend) in order to prepare Qaswanya camels, then set off to arrive in the middle of the valley, then the Prophet delivering the sermon in front of the whole jama'ah pilgrimage, and he said:

"Surely you blood and treasure for you bendamu illegitimate illegitimate as this day, at this bulanmu, in this country. Know that all forms of vile rage case under my feet. Abject ignorance of blood, blood the first time I was Ibn Rabi'a hinakan bin al-Hartits, he'd find someone who will breastfeed (child) in Bani Sa'ad and killed by (the stranger) from the Children Hudhayl; usury abject ignorance and usury is the first time I lowered the usury Abbas ibn Abdul Mutthalib; it should be cast out. Let your duty to Allah in dealing with real women because you take them as a trust from God and the honor they become lawful for you with the word of Allah. For you, they should not allow the one who did not you like into your house. When they were violating the ban, then beat them with a blow not to give the wound. To them, you have to endure a living and their clothes wise manner. It has been left to something that causes you will not be lost for ever if you are determined to fight, ie the Qur'aan. And, you'd asked me then what would you point out to me, "Answer the friends 'we bear witness that thou hast delivered fulfill God's mandate issues, and have given advice [to people]' Then the Prophet berisyarat and forefinger toward the sky mengaangkatnya , then direct it to the jama'ah he said: 'Allah, O God, bear witness, O God, bear witness,' three times. "

"Jabir said next, 'then there's friends adzan and iqamah, then the Messenger of Allah. do not do prayers (Sunnah) of any of them. ' ""' Then the Messenger of Allah. up (camel) to arrive at wuquf, then he made his camel belly close to the rock mountain and make the usual path traveled by the pedestrians in front of and facing the Qiblah, then he remained standing until sunset yellow sun and a little lost, namely until the sun was not really visible. And the Messenger of Allah. Usama ride behind him, then he went to tighten control Qaswa'nya camels, until his head touched the seat in the vehicle. And he berisyarat with his right hand (to the jama'ah hajj), as he said "O jama'ah pilgrimage, walk quietly, walk quietly." And every time he reached the wide sandy soil, loosen the reins until he ( time) to climb, until he reached the Muzdalibah. Then the Messenger of Allah there. pray Maghrib and 'evening with a one-time and two times adan iqamah. Messenger of Allah. does not do any sunnah prayer between the two. Then the Messenger of Allah. lying to Shubuh dawn and morning prayers when it was obvious to him when Shubuh, with one and one-time adzan iqamah.

Then the Messenger of Allah. Qaswa up ', until he reached the Haram Masy'aril, and facing the Qiblah, then pray to Him, bertakbir, and read the interpretation for his sake. Then the Messenger of Allah. stopped until very light, then he set off before sunrise, and Fadl ibn Abbas dibonceng behind him; he aki-aki is a good hair, white and handsome. When the Messenger of Allah. left, there is a group of women pilgrims jama'ah passing in front of Him, so that Fadl bin 'Abbas saw them, then Fadl turned his face the other direction to get their attention, then the Messenger of Allah. menghadangkan hands in front of Fadl's face, then he turned his face to another direction until he arrived at the (valley) Muhassir, and his speed a little (way), then take the middle road that leads Jamrah Kubra, until at Jamrah near tree, then he melontarnya with seven small stones while at every burst bertakbir, among them for your little finger. (Imam Nawawi in Sharh Muslim VIII: 191 says, "As for the word he, 'Then He melontarnya with seven small stones, he bertakbir hurl them at each rock for your little finger." That is contained in the manuscript, and that's what al-Qadi 'Iyadh of most manuscripts, and he said,' The truth is like sebensar finger kilingking, 'he said (again),' It is narrated by Imam Muslim and the other by some narrator narrator-Muslim used. 'This is a statement al-Qadi 'Iyadh. In my opinion (Imam Nawawi) the right is contained in the manuscript without lafad like, Imaam Muslim and others did not complete the sentence, except for granted. So the Prophet,' Stone of your little finger; related with small stones are used to throwing seven times jumrah accompanied hurl at each time interpretation is the correct burst, wallau knows best. "Done.)

He melontarnya from the middle of the valley, then go to the slaughter, and slaughtered as many as sixty-tails (camel) with his own tanggannya, and submit a further cut to Ali, and Ali to slaughter a camel-colored dust, and he was with the Messenger of Allah. in hadyunya animals, then the Messenger of Allah. asked (Ali) is a camel's tail is cut, then put into the pot, then cooked. So then the Messenger of Allah. eating meat with Ali and drinking the liquid alone.

Then the Messenger of Allah. camel ride (again) down to the House (for thawaf), and pray Dhuhr in Mecca, and then came to the Bani Abdul Mutthalib who are giving drink Zamzam water [to jama'ah pilgrimage, Pent.], to them the Messenger of Allah said, '( O) Bani Abdul Mutthalib, timbalah [Zamzam water that] with a bucket, Even if [I'm not worried] You'll beat the hajj jama'ah for providing this drink I would ask you, 'Then they handed him setimba Zamzam water, then he drank it.

In Muslim Syarhu VIII: 170 Imam Nawawi, may Allaah affirmed, "This is a great hadith, including various faidah and all the beauty that comes from the rules of the most important al-Qadi 'Iyadh has said that the scholars' This hadith has been studied at length width and detail of the corner of fiqh. Abu Bakr ibn al-Mudnzir has authored juz saut thick, Fiqh books that discuss more issues fifty fiqh hadith extracted from them. If the calculated number of pages, will exceed the number of pages of this book. "Finish.

Saturday, September 26, 2009


Historically, the pilgrimage is the Shari'a lord brought by our Prophet Muhammad renew and connect the Prophet of Allah Ibrahim AS The cult pilgrim is required initially upon Muslims in year 6 AH, by revelation surah Ali Imran 97 that mean:

"And Allah obliges people to do the pilgrimage by visiting the synagogue of the House who is capable and powerful up to Him and who Kufr and liabilities haji disbelieve it, Allah is Rich, and not something else than berhajatkan all creatures".

In that year the Prophet. along approximately 1500 people have been left for Mecca to perform hajj Fardhu but can not do it because it was blocked by the Quraysh eventually arise a treaty called Hudaibiah agreement.

The agreement opens the way for the development of Islam in which the following year (Year 7 Hijrah), Allah has been working together Umrah 2000 the Muslims. In the year 9 AH Hajj before the service can be done in which the Prophet. directing Saidina Abu-Bakr Al Siddiq chaired the 300 people on the pilgrimage of Muslims.


Muhammad Fardhu perform hajj only once during his life. Hajj is called "Hijjatul Farewell / Hijjatul Balagh / Hijjatul Islamic or Wal Kamal Hijjatuttamam because after the pilgrimage was not long after he had died. Madinatul He left Munawwarah on Saturday, 25 Zulkaedah year 10 Hijrah with his wife and friends about More than 90,000 people.

He has perfected the terms of circumcision Ihram, and intend to wear ihram ihram in Zulhulaifah, now known by the name of Bir Ali, 10 km than Medina and Mecca, he reached on 04 Zulhijjah after a 9 day trip. He went to Mina on 08 Zulhijjah and lodged there.

Then to Arafat to berwukuf on 09 Zulhijjah which fall on Friday. Messenger has perfected all the pillars and obligatory hajj until February 13 Zulhijjah. And on 14 Zulhijjah, the Prophet had set out to leave Makkah Al-Mukarramah returned to Medina Al-Munawwarah.

During HIJJATUL EVENT Farewell

Standing in the period there were several important events to hold and guide the Muslim community, between is as follows:

1. Messenger drinking milk on a camel to be seen by the crowds Wordpress that day not a day of fasting or not fasting on the day of circumcision Standing.

2. A friend fell from the animal tunganggannya then died, the Messenger of Allah. ordered that the body dikafankan with ihram cloth 2 and is not justified or closed head diwangikan body and kafannya. Word on the King's Wordpress "Friends will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection in the state of Ihram and Talbiah".

3. Messenger. an expert to answer problems that bertanyakan Najdi "Is that Hajj?". His saying that meant "Hajj was stopped at Arafat". Who arrived at Arafat before dawn rose 10 Zulhijjah then he has conducted the pilgrimage.

4. Revelation of the holy verses of Al-Karim Quranul surah Al-Maidah meaning:

"On this day I have perfected for you your religion and I have both ends meet up nikmatku you and I have Redha Islam is a religion for us"

Rather than a brief history and events that look how Allah has perfected the sacrifice He pilgrimage with friends who went from Madinah Al-Munawwarah to Makkah Al-Mukarramah for 9 days compared to now when we boarded the aircraft had reached the Holy Land less than 11 watch. These things we need to ponder if we face any hardship in the future the Holy land.

So far the only known common people rose Haji, I myself did not know if there are several ways to go on pilgrimage once I Manasik Hajj.

There are 3 types of Hajj, the implementation procedures are as follows:

1. Haji Tammatu '

Haji tammatu 'Umrah is done prior to the pilgrimage season, and then perform the pilgrimage, and then perform the pilgrimage. When you take this way, he is obliged to pay the drafts stabbed (in the form of slaughter a goat, if not able to fast for 10 days, ie 3 days in Mina and Mecca or 7 days in the country), if the 3-day fasting in unenforceable because something things, it must diqadha home when he got to the provisions of the three-day fast with a seven-day 4-day separated.

2. Haji Ifrad

That the purpose of Hajj is the pilgrimage ifrad course. As for who will be obligatory or sunnah umrah, then after completing Hajj, can perform Umrah with miqat from Tan'im, Ji'ranah or other lawful land area. This method is not subject to drafts.

3. Hajj Qiran

Qiran Hajj is Hajj and Umrah working in one faith and one job at once. This is also obliged to pay the drafts stabbed. Implementation of the dam with the Hajj Tamattu

To understand more deeply, we are encouraged to follow Manasik first. Do Manasik Haji complete, you should not skip, even if you feel you've read dozens of pilgrimage guide. In Manasik uztad usually added detail matters, which need little attention but is not written in detail dibuku-books, such things cancel the pilgrimage.

Also in the event Manasik you can ask things that you are less understood. Hajj is a worship that has a lot of the parts of worship, each of which has its own detailed rules so that the overall implementation of the rules of hajj is complex. Thus you will have one or two things that can not immediately understand, ask at the meeting.

Because of this vast and complex, as well as other religious rituals in Islam, led to some variation of interpretation and implementation of one faction or sect or group with others. Example is the implementation of ihram intentions, there is a take miqot from King Abdul Aziz airport in Jeddah (as practiced by my group), there is the way in the plane parallel to the Qarnul Manazil. For believers in the final implementation of this makes them have to use ihram clothes on a plane before or even near Jidda from the Soekarno Hatta airport. Some are using this rule as the basis for selection of pilgrims will join the group which (either regular or plus).

nabawiMIQAT mosque

Miqat literally means the boundary line or lines of demarcation between the allowed or not, or start or stop commands, ie when starting melapazkan intent and purpose of crossing the boundary between the Common Land of the Holy Land. When entering the Holy Land that's all dressed in Ihram should jama'ah and knocked on the door guarded by border inhabitants - inhabitants of Paradise. Tap the door or greeting that is to say, and state talbiyah Ihram dress. Miqat which began with the use of Ihram clothing must be done before crossing boundaries - boundaries that meant. Miqat divided into two types namely; Miqat Zamani (time limit) and Miqat Makami (lay of the land boundary).

MIQAT Zamani

miqot1Adalah Miqat maps associated with the time limit, ie when or on what date and month of Hajj is the count?. Zamani Miqat mentioned in the Qur'an in surah Al-Baqarah verse 189 and 197. The first paragraph explains the position of the crescent moon as a sign of time for mankind and for jama'ah Miqat pilgrimage. The second paragraph confirms, that is the Moon - Moon Hajj or pilgrimage time is given a few months. The scholars agreed that the month of Ramadhan is the month, Zulkaidah and Dhul-Hijjah. Ie starting from the date syawal 1 s / d 10 Dhul-Hijjah. the total is 69 days. but for the month of Dhul-Hijjah there was a difference of opinion whether all or part of it.

MIQAT Makani

Miqat is based on a map or geographical boundary, where one must begin using Ihram clothing to cross borders holy land and intend to perform Hajj or Umrah Worship.

There are 5 places for Miqot coming from outside Saudi Arabia:

Zil-Hulaifa (Dhul Hulaifah): Zul is the straw Hulaifah people of Medina, a source of drinking water is now the Children Jasyum called by Abar (Beer) Ali. This is the most miqot far, about 450 Km. from Mecca. Camels this distance in nine days of travel at the speed of 50 km per day or 4 Km / hr. This distance is called "one marhalah".

Juhfah: Miqot for people who come from the direction of Egypt, Syria or the surrounding area, jakarnya about 180 Km west of the city of Mecca.

Qarn al-Manazil (Qarnul Manazil): It is a mountain in Arafat Musyrif. This mountain is said Qarnul Manazil, Taif miqot residents and anyone who comes through it.

Substance IRQ: Zatu Irqin named because there are mountains surrounding the valley IRQ named valley Aqiq. This valley is the location of the township which lies two marhalah (900 Km) from Mecca. This does not include straw straw called the hadith the Messenger of Allah, but it was agreed by the scholars.

Yalamlam: It is the name of a mountain of mountains Tuhamah located approximately two marhalah from Mecca. This miqot people of Yemen.

Tan'im: Located around the road to Medina, about six Km. from Mecca.

Nakhlah Wadi: Located in the North East in the direction of Iraq, about 14 Km. from Mecca.

Ji `domains: Located in the east about 16 Km. from Mecca.

Adhah: Located around the way to Yemen, about 12 Km. from Mecca.

Hudaibiah: Located in the west, the road to Jeddah. Now called the Syamaisi about 15 Km. from Mecca.


The recommended readings continuously dilapazkan accordance with their abilities - each jama'ah, began after Ihram from Miqat and stop reading when they are starting Talbiyah tawaf to worship Tahallul Umrah or after the beginning of the Pilgrimage. The text is as follows Talbiyah.

"Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik, Labbaik Laa syarikka laka labbaik, Innal haamda wanni'mata laka wal mulk Laa syariika laka."

"I came to meet the summons O God, I came to meet the summons, No ally for him, Oh Allah I meet summons. Verily all praise and glory for You only. The whole kingdom for You. There is no ally to You"

Circumcision Talbiyah law, except according to Maliki, it looked Mashab mandatory. while according to Hanafi, judged as the requirements, so who's left obligated to pay Talbiyah Dam. Talbiyah should be recited during jama'ah still in a state of Ihram.

Talbiyah circumcised also be read as the entourage passed by another jama'ah or when undergoing a change of circumstances, such as when going up or down from the mountains / hills, up or down from the vehicle, meet friends or after prayers. For circumcised men Talbiyahnya Raising his voice, while for women just to hear themselves and who was at her side. This is based on the hadith of the Prophet which says:

"Gabriel has come to me, and he said: O Muhammad! Tell a friend - your best friend to her voice Talbiyahnya, because he was one of syi'ar Haji" (Hadis.Riwayat: Ahmad and Ibn Majah)

Religious pilgrimage is a costly both in terms of cost and time, so of course we should not waste this opportunity. But much like other human endeavor, the end result is always also influenced by the decision of God. Niatkanlah to achieve the best, ask Him to be the ease in studying the pilgrimage, and the last is the truth we need to entrust the execution and accepted or not worship it into the hands of God. Do not panic, anger, fear too much that we worship one or there may not be acceptable to God. Resignation may be the most appropriate word to overcome them.

Pilgrim candidates will face a winter in Saudi Arabia in the period 1997 - 2014, which resulted not good at physical and mental condition of prospective pilgrims. Winter in Saudi Arabia started in October and reached its peak in December-January and ends in March.

This winter begins with the wind accompanied by dust storms which resulted in peak temperature in the city of Mecca and Medina can reach 2 degrees Celsius. Summer starts in April and will reach its peak in July-August. Daytime temperatures can reach 55 degrees Celsius accompanied by hot winds.

Thursday, September 10, 2009

Changes After the Hajj Praise be to God who has chosen as well as pilgrim guests.

This is a gift of God is very big, where millions of Muslims who want to come to the holy land pilgrimage but still have not got permission from God, there were obstacles that come. The congregation has been getting all the ease of God so that they can complete the entire Manasik Umrah pilgrims from the start until tawaf Farewell, may God as a pilgrim who recorded mabrur forgiven us our sins and to pilgrims given protection and safety on the way back to their homeland, amen!
The scholars we mention the signs that mabrur pilgrims, including Imam Hasan al-Basri, vol saying: (a mabrur Hajj is that she came home from the pilgrimage became a zuhud in the world and love the life hereafter). Allah says which means: "And look for (the reward) in the Hereafter by what God has given to you, but do not forget your share in the world". (Surat al-Qasas: 77)

People who zuhud not mean people who only worship in the mosque and did not want to work for a living treasure for children and wife but people who do not zuhud enslaved by his wealth, the world may be in his hands not in his heart, its activity in the life of the world does not remember melalaikannya to God, prayers five times that in time, not decided
Hospitality, remain diligent study and practice Islam and mendaâwahkannya, do not forget the responsibility to educate his wife and children. People who zuhud people whose income is from a legitimate, not from the results renten, usury, bribery, corruption, stealing, gambling, Pungli, blackmail, cheat, consuming rights of others. May God grant us all the lawful sustenance, good and blessing and
excluded from any unlawful income, amen!

Anything else said pilgrimage among the mabrur sign is after returning from pilgrimage, he became better than before. Be better in terms of unity. If there is among pilgrims before the Hajj is like going to a herbalist to get wealth, children, partner, rapidly promoted and other pilgrims then after we repent to God and let
we leave it because the Prophet SAW said that means, "Whoever went to a fortune-teller or a shaman and justify what he said, is a kaafir to what has been revealed to Muhammad". (Narrated by Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, dishahihkan by Al-Albani in al-Irwa `no. 2006)

Any person who, before he hajj, like slaughtering a cow or another to serve as tumbal or offerings will now have to leave and slaughtering sacrifice to God only because God says what means: "So establish regular prayer for Rabbmu and berkorbanlah" (Surat Al-Kauthar 2) " Say prayers indeed, sesembelihanku, life and death for
God Rabbul Alamin no partner for him "(Surat al-An'am: 162)

Any person who before he hajj,  still believes horoscope then leave and put your trust in God alone. Any person who before Hajj masih mengkeramatkan kris and amulets, so now musnahkanlah all our amulets. Any person who before the Hajj still meruwat earth to avoid a disaster, so now repent and leave the ceremony
shirk it, bergantunglah to God because that could avoid disaster only God alone. Any person who before the Hajj is still cow mengkeramatkan issued every tenth of Muharram even scrambling to get stools that are considered to give a blessing, then know it is an act of shirk. Any person who before the Hajj still believe that bad luck
would happen to him if traveling on Tuesday or Saturday is to determine the time of marriage should be carefully calculated because if you do not fit the day will cause bad luck, then it is shirk. God does not forgive sins except shirk
if it did repent, Allah is the Recipient repentance. God forbid a paradise for those who do shirk. The
those who believe and confuse not mix their faith with them to get kesyirikan the security and guidance of Allah.

Let the repair pilgrims worship to God, praying five times should not be abandoned, charity and the Maal should be issued in the month of Ramadan shaum must be run. All the worship we conducted with the full sense of the love of God
who have given us countless blessings. We are ready to sacrifice wealth, our time and energy in order to reach the pleasure of Allah.

Let's fix our muamalah with parents who have given birth and educate us since childhood. Do not let us hurt them and should always serve and treat them with the best .. If our parents had died, let us always pray for them.

For the husband should improve muamalah with his wife do not easily upset and yelled his wife, if done wrong. Do the things that please the wife do not conflict with the Shari'a. Educate wife with advice, take it to the tribunal taâlim, bought books and tapes useful lecture. Educate also provide exemplary wife with the Prophet Muhammad
He said: "The best of you is the best to his family and I are the best amongst you to my family".

To fix muamalah wives with husbands who became obedient wife ..
Rasulullah SAW said: "If the woman is five-time prayers, fasting in the month of Ramadan, obedient to her husband and guard their chastity, then he go to Heaven from the doors wherever he wants".
Obedience to their husbands in the kindness just as for disobedience in this case there is no obedience to the creature in disobedience to God Al-Khaliq. When the new husband comes from work should not be greeted with a variety of problems and things that are unpleasant but welcome with a smile, Take food and drink and leave him to rest once only then tell all the problems that have undoubtedly husband was more ready to listen.

For parents fix the education of children, their future is the message which we will be asked to account at the end of the day. Educate them with a good example, they sekolahkanlah in a good place, watch their interaction. Always pray to God to protect and preserve them from all evil and bad because the parents prayer for their children, God willing, efficacious.

For the Muslim fix in terms of dress, you cover your private parts and not disclosed to the man who is not mahram. He said: "O Prophet, say to the wife-wives, daughters, and wives who believe, (that they should head out to the whole of their bodies). That is so much easier for them known, so they do not
disturbed. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful ". (Surat al-Ahzab: 59)
"Say to the believing women, let their gaze and guard their chastity, and let them show her jewelry, except that (usually) seen from him. And let them put a veil of cloth to her chest,
and do not show adornment except to their husbands or their fathers, their husbands or fathers, or their sons, or sons of their husbands, or their brothers, their men, or sons of brothers they , or the sons of their sisters, or Islamic women or slaves they owned, or the servants of men who have no desire (for women) or children who do not understand about her private parts. And let them not strike his foot to be known that they hide jewelry. And you all should repent to Allah, O men who believe that ye may prosper ". (Surat An-Nur: 31)

Rasulullah SAW said: "There are two groups of the population of hell that I had never seen them (before this), (first), a people who have whips like the cows he used to beat men and (two) women who dressed but naked walking berlenggak swing , their heads like a camel's hump, they do not go to heaven and not smell the smell of heaven heaven if it smelt of distance away so and so ". (Hadith Sahih, Muslim History) There are many women among the pilgrims dressed but naked, yet perfectly close the shame, there are still visible around her neck, her arms visible, close the private parts with tight clothing, forming a hollow body lekak, dressed with a thin material and transparent so that skin looks, in fact they were still naked and threatened not go to heaven.

Let the women pilgrims became aware after crying and begging God's forgiveness at the time wuquf at Arafat, if we repeat our sins?
Let the women pilgrims became a model for the Muslim in this country who are affected by morality and moral decadence, Educate our daughters to Muslim dress, nasehatilah them not out of the house with shorts, pants pants even more strict and stomach looks, innaalillahi wa innaa ilaihi rajiuun. Let the pilgrim dress up and primp women beautify themselves, but for whom? Not for the people outside the home but for her husband at home, the fact
that there are many of the Muslim dress when out of the house is forbidden by God when we love, God says: "And let you (the Prophet's wives) stay in your house and do not dress smartly and behave like a pagan people who
old. (Surat al-Ahzab: 33)

This paragraph applies also to all the Muslim and mukminah.
Rasulullah SAW said that a woman who went out of the house by using a perfume that smells of other men, verily he is a whore. Every day we pray for guidance to God, then it becomes obligatory for us to learn the streets of the guidance in the form of knowledge useful because many of the streets of the guidance that we have not known
than we already know. Do we think this is a new thing we heard, we are familiar with our customs and other excuses are not acceptable by the Shari'a. Allah says: "And when it is said unto them: Follow what Allah hath revealed they answered: No, but we just follow what we found from the (act) of our ancestors.
(Are they going to follow, too), although their ancestors did not know any one, and not guided? "(Surat al-Baqara: 170)
And His word: "And it is not permissible for a man in faith and not (also) for a believing woman, when Allah and the Messenger has determined a statute, there will be a choice for them (the other) about their affair. And whosoever disobeys Allah and the Messenger he is indeed false, false manifest. (Surat al-Ahzab: 36)

Tuesday, August 18, 2009

Mean of HAJJ

Terms, Pillars, and the Obligation of Hajj
Terms Hajj

1. Islam
2. Puberty
3. Adult
4. Ingenious
5. Sane
6. A free (not slaves)
7. Able, both in terms of cost, health, safety, and provide for families left behind pilgrimage

Pillars of Hajj

Five Pillars of Hajj is the deeds that must be done in the haj. Tsb Hajj Pillars are:

1. Ihram
2. Standing at Arafat
3. Tawaf ifâdah
4. Sa'i
5. Shaving the hair on the head or cutting part
6. Order

Five Pillars of Hajj should be done they will be sequential and comprehensive. If one left, then the Hajj is not valid.
Compulsory Hajj

1. Starting Ihram from mîqât (limit time and place determined to perform Hajj or 'Umrah)
2. Throwing jumrah
3. Mabit (stay) at Mudzdalifah, Mecca
4. Mabit in Mina
5. Farewell Tawaf '(taw separation)

If one of the obligatory pilgrimage was abandoned, then the Hajj remains valid, but must pay dam (fines).
Implementation of Pilgrimage (Hajj Manasik)

Hajj Manasik ordinances are as follows:
1. Do Ihram from predetermined mîqât

Ihram can be started from the beginning of Shawwal by sunna bath, purification ritual, wearing ihram clothes, and intends hajj with Labbaik saying Allahumma hajjan, which means "I came to meet the summons O God, for the pilgrimage".
Then go to Arafat by reading chanting to express intentions:

Labbaik Allahumma labbaik, syarîka laka labbaik He labbaik, inna al-hamda, ni'mata wa wa laka al-mulk, la syarîka laka


I come O God, I come to meet your call; I came, no partner for you, I come; Surely all praise, all the pleasures, and the whole kingdom, is owned by you; no partner for You.

2. Standing at Arafat

Held on 9 Dhul-Hijjah, the time begins after the sun slips until the day dawn Nahar (day of slaughtering the sacrifice) on 10 Dhul-Hijjah.
When Standing, there are some things to do, namely: prayer and taqdim plural-ashar qashar noon, prayer, remembrance together, reading the Qur'an, prayer and taqdim plural-maghrib qashar evening.
3. Mabit in Muzdalifah, Mecca

Time just after midnight until before dawn. Here take a number of pebbles or 49 grains to 70 grains jumrah throw in Mina, and perform prayers at the beginning of time, followed by leaving for Mina. Then stop briefly at masy'ar al-Haram (the sacred monument) or Muzdalifah for the remembrance of Allah SWT (Surah 2: 198), and doing morning prayers when the dawn.
4. Throwing jumrah 'Aqabah

Carried out on the hill 'Aqabah, on 10 Dhul-Hijjah, with 7 grains of gravel, then slaughtering sacrificial animals.
5. Tahalul

Tahalul is innocent of hajj pilgrimage after doing the practices of the pilgrimage.
Tahalul beginning, carried out after throwing jumrah 'aqobah, by way of shaving / cutting hair at least 3 pieces.
After tahalul, may wear ordinary clothes and do all acts that are prohibited during ihram, except have sex.

For those who want to carry on the day ifâdah tawaf can directly go to Mecca for the taw. By reading chanting into the Grand Mosque through Babussalam (door greeting) and do tawaf. Disunahkan tawaf finished kissing the Black Stone (black stone), then 2 cycles sunna prayers near the tomb of Abraham, in Multazam pray, and pray sunna 2 cycles of Hijr Ismail (all in the Grand Mosque complex).

Then do sa'i between Safa and Marwa hills, starting from Mount Safa and Mount Marwa ending in. Then proceed with the second tahalul, namely shaving / cutting hair at least 3 pieces.
Thus, all acts that are prohibited during the ihram been abolished, so that everything returns to be lawful.
Next return to Mina before sunset to Mabit there.
6. Mabit in Mina

Tasyrik held on (day of what is forbidden to fast), ie on 11, 12, and 13 Dhul-Hijjah. Every day during those days was throwing tasyrik Ula jumrah, wustâ, and 'Aqabah, each 7 times.

For those who want nafar awwal (leave Mina on the 12th Dhul-Hijjah after jumrah afternoon), throwing jumrah conducted on 11 and 12 Dhul-Hijjah only. But for those who want or nafar sani nafar end (leave Mina on the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah after jumrah afternoon), throwing jumrah conducted for three days (11, 12, and 13 Dhul-Hijjah).
With the completion of the finished jumrah throwing the entire chain of activities and return pilgrimage to Mecca.
7. Tawaf ifâdah

For those who do not perform tawaf ifâdah while in Mecca, it must do tawaf ifâdah and sa'i. Then do tawaf Farewell 'before leaving Mecca to return home to areas of origin.

Umrah means to visit or pilgrimage. Everyone who is obliged to do Hajj Umrah, the act of worship which is the unity of the pilgrimage. Implementation of Umrah is based on the word of God in surah Al-Baqarah: 196 which means "And complete the Hajj and Umrah for Allah ..."

Concerning Umrah law, there are some differences of opinion. According to Imam Shafi'i is obligatory. According to the Maliki and Hanafi legal mu'akkad sunna (sunna which overlooked).
Umra compulsory for every Muslim is only 1 time only, but many do umrah also preferred, especially if done in the month of Ramadan. This is based on the hadith of the Prophet narrated by Imam Muslim which means "Umrah in Ramadan is equal to the hajj once".
Implementation Umrah

The procedure for the umrah service are: bath, purification ritual, dressed in ihram mîqât, sunna prayers ihram 2 cycles, the intention of 'Umrah and read Labbaik Allah' umrat (an) (I come to meet your call, O God, for 'Umrah), reading, chanting and prayer, entering the Grand Mosque, tawaf, sa'i, and tahalul.
Terms, Pillars, and the Compulsory Umrah

Requirements to perform umrah is equal to the requirement of doing the pilgrimage. The pillars of Umrah are:

1. Ihram
2. Tawaf
3. Sa'i
4. Shaving the head or cutting hair
5. Order, carried out in sequence

Meanwhile, only one mandatory umrah, ie Ihram from mîqât.
Prohibition in the Hajj and Umrah

The things that should not be done by people who already wear ihram clothes and was about to perform the Hajj / Umrah are:

1. Sexual intercourse or anything that may lead to acts of sexual
2. Behave abominably and immoral
3. Arguing with others
4. Seamless clothes (for men)
5. Wearing perfume
6. Wearing khuff (socks or shoes that cover the ankles)
7. Perform the ceremony
8. Trimming nails
9. Shaving or hair pulling
10. Wearing clothes that have soaked in fragrance
11. Killing animals
12. Meat-eating animals

Kinds of Hajj
1. Haji ifrâd

Hajj is ifrâd distinguish the Umrah pilgrimage. Hajj and Umrah their own work. Implementation, made the pilgrimage first, only after doing 'Umrah. Everything is still in the month of pilgrimage.

How to implementation are:
a. mîqât Ihram of Hajj with the intention of
b. Ihram from mîqât with the intention of Umrah
2. Hajj tamattu '

Haji tamattu 'is doing' Umrah in the month prior pilgrimage, just after the hajj.
People who perform Hajj tamattu 'must pay hadyu (fines), by slaughtering a goat. If not able to be replaced by fasting for 10 days, ie 3 days while still in the holy land, and 7 days after returning to the ground water.

How to implementation are:
a. Ihram from mîqât with the intention of Umrah
b. perform Hajj after implementing all the practices Umrah
3. Hajj Qiran

Qiran is to perform Hajj pilgrimage and Umrah together. Thus, all practices are included in umrah pilgrimage practices.

How to implementation are:
a. Ihram from mîqât with the intention of Hajj and Umrah at the same time
b. do the whole pilgrimage practices
The practices of Hajj and Umrah
1. Mîqât

Mîqât is the limit time and place to do Hajj and Umrah. Mîqât of mîqât Zamani and mîqât Makani.

Mîqât Zamani is when the pilgrimage was not implemented.
Based on the consensus of the scholars who come from the Prophet Muhammad's sunna, Zamani mîqât fell on Shawwal, Zulkaidah, up to the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah.

Mîqât Makani is from a place where the pilgrimage was not implemented.
Places to mîqât Makani is:

* Zulhulaifah or Bir-Ali (450 km from Makkah) for those who come from the direction of Medina
* Al-Juhfah or Rabiq (204 km from Makkah) for those who come from the direction of Syria, Egypt, and the lands of the Maghrib
* Yalamlan (a mountain located 94 km south of Mecca) for those who come from the direction of Yemen
* Qarnul Manazir (94 km east of Mecca) for those who come from the direction of Nejd
* Zatu Irqin (94 km east of Mecca) for those who come from the direction of Iraq

2. Ihram

Ihram is the intention of pilgrimage or Umrah Ihram and wear.
For men, ihram clothes are two items of clothing did not seam to close the upper body and another to cover the bottom of the body. Head uncovered and wearing footwear that did not close my eyes feet.
For women, ihram clothing is cloth that covers the seamless whole body except the face.

Ihram is Sunnah to cut nails, mustaches, underarm hair, pubic hair, and bath. Then the sunna prayers ihram 2 cycles (before Ihram), reading, chanting, peace, and seek forgiveness (after the pilgrimage starts).
3. Tawaf

Tawaf around the Kaaba is as much as 7 times, starting from the direction parallel to the black stone and the Kaaba was always there on the left (rotates counterclockwise).
Terms tawaf is:

1. Holy of major impurity, a small impurity, and unclean
2. Closes genitalia
3. Doing round 7 times in a row
4. Start and end tawaf in place parallel to the Black Stone
5. Kaaba is always on the left side
6. Bertawaf outside the Kaaba

While the sunna tawaf is:

1. Facing the Black Stone when he began tawaf
2. On foot
3. al-idtibâ, which is placed mid ihram cloth under his right armpit and ends on the left shoulder
4. Black Stone or touch signal when starting tawaf
5. Intentions.
Intention to tawaf contained in the Hajj is not obligatory because the ruling was contained in his intention intentions hajj pilgrimage, but if it was not in the tawaf pilgrimage, then the law becomes mandatory tawaf intentions, as in tawaf Farewell 'and tawaf vows.
6. Achieving Yemeni Corner (on lap-7) and kissing or touching the Black Stone
7. Multiply prayer and remembrance for the tawaf
8. Order, carried out in sequence

Tawaf kinds are:

Tawaf ifâdah
Tawaf for Hajj along the left when the Hajj becomes invalid.
Tawaf ziyârah
Tawaf visits, often also called tawaf Arrival, which is performed tawaf arriving in the city of Mecca.
Tawaf sunna
Tawaf which can be done anytime.
Farewell Tawaf '
Farewell Tawaf, ie tawaf performed before leaving Mecca after completing a whole series of pilgrimage.

4. Sa'i

Sa'i was walking from Mount Safa to Mount Marwa as much as 7 times.
Sa'i requirements are:

1. The whole journey is complete sa'i, there should be no space left
2. Starting from Safa and end at Marwa
3. Performed after taw
4. Performed a total of 7 times travel

While the sunna in sa'i is:

1. Praying in between Safa and Marwa
2. In a state of purity and close the genitalia
3. Jogged between 2 pillars of green
4. Not crowded
5. On foot
6. Working in a row

5. Standing at Arafat

Wukud at Arafat is silent on the field since the sun slipped Arafat on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah until dawn on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah (the day Nahar), either in pure or impure.
Hajj without Standing invalid and must be repeated again the following year. This is based on Prophet Muhammad's hadith narrated by Abu Dawood:

Hajj is' Arafah, who arrived at night at Muzdalifah Mabit before dawn, he had the hajj.

When doing Standing, disunahkan for not fasting, facing the Qiblah, remembrance, read seek forgiveness, and pray. According to the history of Imam Ahmad, the Prophet praying while on the Day of `Arafah is:

There is no God except Allah, the One, no partner for Him, for his whole kingdom, to Him also all praise, in His hands all good, and He hath power over everything.

6. Throwing Jumrah

Jumrah Throwing a pebble is tossed into 3 pieces at stake, namely Ula, wustâ, and ukhrâ, each tosses 7. Jumrah throwing day began on 10 Dhul-Hijjah, the direction jumrah 'Aqabah or jumrah unsuccessful, and 2 or 3 days from the days tasyrik (11, 12, and 13 Dhul-Hijjah) 3 jumrah direction mentioned above.

When throwing jumrah disunahkan after sunrise. For those who may be weak or unable to do at night.
As for throwing jumrah on the other 3 days, should begin at the time the sun was beginning to fall to the west until sunset.
When throwing jumrah disunahkan:

1. Standing with the position of Mecca is to the left and Mina on the right
2. Raised his hand high for men
3. Reading interpretation when throwing the first stone

For someone who was unable to complete the pilgrimage by not doing Standing at Arafat, tawaf, or sa'i, whatever the cause, according to the opinion of those scholars tsb jumhur must slaughter a goat, cow, or camel on which he bertahalul.
If worship is worship compulsory, he had to making up the next year, but if not compulsory worship, he does not need to making up.
Haji and Haji Akbar Mabrur
Haji Akbar (major pilgrimage)

The term is called the hajj akbar Allah SWT says in surah At-Tauba: 3, which means:

And (this is) a proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the day of the great pilgrimage, that Allah and His Messenger, free of idolaters ...

There are some scholars think about the great pilgrimage, the hajj akbar is:

* Standing on the day pilgrims at Arafat
* Hajj on Nahar
* Wukufnya pilgrimage Friday to coincide with the day
* Hajj itself and wukufnya at Arafat

But the most famous opinion was the opinion stating that the hajj is a pilgrimage to the great wukufnya falls on a Friday.

There is a big pilgrimage, there were pilgrims asgar (small pilgrimage) which is another term for 'Umrah.
Haji mabrur

Hajj pilgrimage mabrur is someone who the whole series of worship can be performed Hajj correctly, sincere, not mixed with sin, using a lawful fees, and most importantly, after the pilgrimage became a better person.

Reward for those who have mabrur pilgrimage is heaven. This is based on the words of the Prophet Muhammad are narrated by Abu Hurayrah, which means:

Umrah to the one next to 'Umrah is a sin between them, and the pilgrimage mabrur no other reward than Paradise (Bukhari and Muslim)

Dam (Fines)

Dam in the form of a slaughtered animal blood as karafat (ransom) for some offense committed while performing Hajj or Umrah. Type checkers are:

1. Dam tartîb
2. Dam takhyîr and taqdîr
3. Dam tartîb and ta'dîl
4. Dam takhyîr and ta'dîl

1. Dam tartîb

Tartîb Dam is when animals are slaughtered goats, but if not get a goat, to carry out 3-day fasting in the holy land, and 7 days after they have returned to my hometown.
People are required to pay for tartîb dams 9 things, namely:

1. Tammatu pilgrims'
2. Qiran pilgrims
3. No Standing at Arafat
4. No throwing jumrah that the 3
5. Not Mabit at Muzdalifah at night Nahar
6. Not Mabit in Mina during the night tasyrik
7. No Ihram from mîqât
8. Not doing tawaf Farewell '
9. Not walking distance to a vow to do the pilgrimage on foot

2. Dam takhyîr and taqdîr

Dam is takhyîr and taqdîr may choose to slaughter a goat, fasting, or charity to feed the poor people as much as 6 sa 3 '(1 sa' = 3.1 liters).
Dam this type worn for one of the following causes:

1. Revoking strands 3 or more consecutive
2. 3 cut nail or more
3. Dressed in a seamless
4. Cowl
5. Wearing perfume
6. Committing the act that became the introduction to the sexual act
7. Sexual intercourse between the first and tahalul second tahalul.

3. Dam tartîb and ta'dîl

Tartîb and ta'dîl Dam is the first time must slaughter a camel, if not able to be slaughtered cows, if not capable of also recently slaughtered goat tail 7.
If not get goats 7, the offender must buy food and the wherewithal for the poor in the holy land.
Dam this type of conduct imposed for violations of sexual relations.
4. Dam takhyîr and ta'dîl

Dam is takhyîr and ta'dîl may choose between 3 things are:

* Slaughtering animals that are hunted
* Purchase of food for animals and wherewithal tsb
* Fasting one day for every 1 Mud (5 / 6 liters)

This type worn Dam causes:

1. Damaging, hunting, or killing animals
2. Cut trees or remove the grass on the ground unlawful.

Time and place of slaughter dams

Time caused the slaughter of the dam breach is not to cancel or lose the pilgrimage must be made at the time the offender perform the Hajj. But for the dam breach caused by the resulting loss of pilgrimage, its implementation must be delayed until the time to do ihram when making up her pilgrimage.

While the slaughter and distribution of dams in the ground meat is forbidden.
For people who make the pilgrimage, preferably slaughter in Mina, while for those who perform Umrah, kill at Marwa.
Deputize Haji

Representative pilgrimage apply to someone who is able to perform hajj in terms of cost, but health is not possible, such as severe illness or old age.
In this case compulsory others to menghajikannya cost of the person concerned, provided that they will replace people who are on the pilgrimage to himself.
But if, after he recovered dihajikan people, according to Imam Shafi'i, he remains obliged to perform hajj.

Representative pilgrimage can also be done on people who have died, as long as they will be obliged pilgrim people, including a vow and not able to do it. This is based on the hadith narrated that a man came to Prophet Muhammad:

"My father is dead and he has an obligation pilgrimage, if I have to menghajikannya?" The Prophet SAW said, "What do you think if your father left the debt, whether you must pay for it?" The man answered, "Yes". The Prophet SAW said, "Berhajilah you to your father". (Narrated by Ibn Abbas RA)